大香蕉美女直播

From a businessman with Wang Shixiang said gaudy tenon, said the mahogany furniture industry worries

2020-6-28 12:55 | Publisher:大香蕉美女直播: Dodo fish | see: one thousand three hundred and ninety-seven | Comments: five

abstract : Recently, I saw a small video on the Internet about the construction and assembly of the tenon of a small flat head case with double drawers. However, the mortise and tenon made in the video is the flashy way that Mr. Wang Shixiang wrote on page 244 of "Research on Ming style furniture". There are many readers who like and praise the traditional mortise and tenon craft. For

In view of a small video recently seen on the Internet, the content is a double drawer small flat head case of the sandwich tenon making method and assembly, but the clip tenon in the video is Mr. Wang Shixiang in "Ming style furniture research" page 244 of the kind of flashy practice. There are many readers who like and praise the traditional mortise and tenon craft. I feel very worried about this.

On the one hand, the carpenter who makes furniture is not professional, or deliberately adopts this method to save materials; Secondly, the people who recorded this video don't know mahogany furniture technology, or even the most basic book "Research on Ming style furniture" written by Mr. Wang Shixiang. It can be said that the ignorant are fearless; Moreover, people who praise and sigh the tenon and mortise craft do not know the craft of mahogany furniture. The spread of this wrong practice will bring bad influence to the inheritance of mahogany furniture technology.

Next, I will analyze the three points above by studying the mortise and tenon.

The mortise and tenon is one of the most important methods to make the box shaped knot in Chinese classical furniture. It originated in the Northern Song Dynasty

"Inspired by the large wooden beam frame, the clever folk craftsmen made the legs and feet of the high table have significant side feet to enhance its stability, and applied the method of opening the column head and adding" Chuo curtain "in the middle to the legs and feet of the table. In other words, the upper end of the table leg is opened, and the two ends of the cross bar are embedded, and the two ends or one end of the cross beam are made into a "head" style. Then the two pieces of crossbeam were changed into a full-length one, which became the teeth of the joint tenon. Finally, a tooth head was added under the bar.

From the peak of the development of classical furniture in Ming Dynasty to the popularity of mahogany furniture today, the method of making mortise and tenon is popular because of its simple shape and smooth lines.

Before we understand the mortise and tenon in detail, we must make a clear premise: in addition to ritual utensils, the main use of furniture in the common people's family is practical, and the table table with mortise and tenon is a bearing tool. First of all, each component is to strengthen the architecture and provide stable services; Secondly, for the role of decoration and beautification.

The components needed to make the tenon and tenon are table and table edge plastering, leg, tooth bar and tooth head.

Among the four components, there is no variable in the edge plastering of tables and tables. Only the mortise and mortise to accommodate the long and short tenons at the ends of legs and feet can be chiseled.

The upper opening of legs and feet is inlaid with tooth strips and tooth heads.

This is the standard method of making the tenon and the most reasonable one. It is completely in accordance with the principle of ancient architecture. When the legs and feet are joined with the edge of the table and table, the groove in the middle of the legs and feet is used to firmly inlay the tooth head and the tooth strip, so that the two play a good role in balancing the force, so as to ensure the stability.

The upper part of the leg and foot is opened to insert the tooth strip, and the groove is used to install the tooth head.

The upper part of the leg and foot is slotted with only tooth strips, and two tooth heads are embedded in the slot on both sides of the leg and foot, and the tooth heads meet the palm of the upper tooth bar. This method is not as strong as the previous one, but at least it is inlaid with teeth and can be regarded as a kind of tenon.

The upper ends of legs and feet are grooved to install tooth strips and heads.

This method is the most flashy one. There is no opening at the upper end of the legs and feet, and only notches are made on both sides to insert the teeth and teeth. The teeth are divided into three parts, not a single piece of material, and this kind of completely non inlaid method really affects the firmness of the table. It looks like the first standard mortise and tenon, but actually it's flashy. Mr. Wang Shixiang's comments on this method in page 244 of research on Ming style furniture are as follows:“ It has the shape of a mortise and tenon, but no solid tenon, so it is not solid ”。“ This kind of gaudy creation method became popular after the middle of Qing Dynasty.

Although some carpenters used this method after the mid Qing Dynasty, there must be some drawbacks in the structure. Why do craftsmen do this? Save material! Miss carpenter in this video, why do you do this? Do you think it's a very clever way to make it. It doesn't look different from the real tenon. There's something inside. It's a kind of show off skill? Or do you have no idea that this is the worst way to make mortise and tenon?

No matter which industry or industry, there are skills of walking at the top and living on the line of survival. The same is true of Chinese classical furniture. Today, as carpenters, there is a big gap between hardwood and firewood. When I heard that the mahogany stool bought at a certain fair cost only 200 yuan, I kept silent, because I knew how much a good carpenter's daily salary was, how much was the output rate of carefully selected materials, and how much the cost of materials, let alone the salary of grinding workers from No.120 sandpaper to No.2000. The superposition of these data reflects the real value of an authentic mahogany furniture.

Some people say that mahogany furniture is very expensive. Is it worth it. Then I would like to ask, expensive is the price, if it is the real value, who will blame at the auction that which furniture roars the sky high price. If anyone uses inferior products to confuse the public and the public with inferior products, I suggest that consumers should keep their eyes open, read more and learn more, and learn more. This industry needs good guidance.

The mortise and tenon structure of classical furniture has its scientific truth. What kind of mortise and tenon is used in what part, where each tenon is opened, the length of the mortise and tenon is geometric and even the opening of mortise and tenon is a kind of meticulous and professional craftsmanship. I can understand that in the video, the carpenter is only paid, and the video recorder shows the tenon and mortise structure for sales, or to gain the click through rate in order to gain the turnover. The so-called ignorant are fearless, you dare to broadcast anything, but you do not know that this kind of wrong guidance and dissemination is the power to accelerate the decline of this industry. As you have more than 100000 fans under your account, as a member of the public we media, we hope that all colleagues and fans will uphold the down-to-earth and diligent learning attitude, respect the traditional handicraft and the wood that has been completed for hundreds of years, and then learn and spread the traditional furniture culture. Don't let the real Qianlima "die between the carps, not to be called a thousand miles" with your hobbies.


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